Los Angeles - A US jury will deliberate for a second day on Thursday on
whether Led Zeppelin poached the opening to Stairway To Heaven from an obscure
Los Angeles rock band.
Songwriting duo Robert Plant and Jimmy Page have denied plagiarising the
guitar introduction of their classic 1971 song from Taurus, an instrumental
track by the long-defunct 1960s group Spirit.
The case was brought before a federal court in Los Angeles by Michael
Skidmore, the trustee and friend of Spirit guitarist Randy California, who
drowned in 1997 having never taken legal action over the song.
A jury of four men and four women deliberated for five hours on Wednesday
before being sent home by Judge Gary Klausner and asked to return on Thursday
Led Zeppelin frontman Plant, 67, testified on Tuesday that he recalled
writing the lyrics of Stairway in 1970 as he and Page sat by a fireplace in an
English country manor house where the band recorded and rehearsed.
He said he was inspired to write the lines after he heard guitarist
Page, 72, play the opening notes of what would become one of the most famous
rock songs of all time.
The suit, which was filed by Skidmore two years ago, seeks damages and claims
California deserves a songwriting credit so that he can "take his place as
an author of rock's greatest song".
"Give credit where credit is due. This case has always been about
credit," Skidmore's attorney Francis Malofiy said as he presented his closing
arguments on Wednesday.
David Woirhaye, the chief financial officer of Rhino Entertainment -
which markets and distributes the Led Zeppelin catalogue - testified that Stairway
had grossed $3.4m during the five-year period at issue in the civil trial.
"We're asking for a one-third credit, a shared credit,"
Malofiy told jurors, asking that damages of between that amount and $13.5m be
awarded to California's trust.
The jury had been told Zeppelin opened for Spirit when the hard rockers -
Plant, Page, John Paul Jones and the late John Bonham - made their US debut on
26 December 1968 in Denver.
But the surviving members have submitted testimony that they never had
substantive interaction with Spirit or listened to 1967's Taurus before
recording Stairway in December 1970 and January 1971.
Experts called by the plaintiffs say there are substantial similarities
between key parts of the two songs, but defence witnesses have testified that
the chord pattern used in the intro to Stairway is so commonplace that
copyright doesn't apply.
Page told the court last week he first heard Taurus when his son-in-law
showed him a comparison with Stairway on the internet just a few years ago.
He said he only recently discovered he owned Spirit's debut album, which
includes Taurus, after checking his record collection of more than 10 000
vinyls and CDs.
Defence attorney Peter Anderson said Skidmore had not proved that the
trust owned the copyright to Stairway or that Page and Plant had ever even
heard Spirit perform in the few times the bands shared a concert bill in 1968
He told the jury the descending chromatic scale played by Page in the
first moments of Stairway was a musical device so common and unoriginal that
"it belongs to everyone".
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