Universal bags Beatles label EMI

2012-09-21 17:55
Brussels - The world's biggest record company Universal won clearance on Friday to take over EMI, home to the Beatles, but only on condition that it sell off rights to a string of top artists like David Guetta.

European Commissioner Joaquin Almunia said Universal Music agreed to part company with some of the biggest-selling acts in the business including Coldplay, Pink Floyd, David Bowie and Cliff Richard, to get the deal approved.

The disposals represent about two-thirds of the current European business and include EMI's classical music labels as well as the EMI France catalogue, home to superstar Guetta.

Cultural importance

The Beatles are the best-selling band in history, with EMI putting all-time sales at more than a billion records and huge online revenues continuing.

Universal acquires an array of talent in the deal, from Katy Perry and Robbie Williams "to icons like The Beatles, the Beach Boys, Genesis and Bob Seger", owner French group Vivendi said in a statement.

The deal "will benefit the artistic community and music industry," it added.

Spaniard Almunia, who confessed to being a fan of Pink Floyd and another of the acts being sold off, Duran Duran, said the deal went beyond simple industry concerns given its cultural importance.

"On cultural issues the Commission needs to be extremely careful," he said, highlighting concerns in particular over the future of the burgeoning digital music industry.

'Excessive market power'

The Commission said the original deal raised concerns that Universal with EMI would have had too much power over the terms it sets for digital platforms such as Spotify and Apple's iTunes that distribute music direct to consumers.

"Competition in the music business is crucial to preserve choice, cultural diversity and innovation," Almunia said in a statement earlier.

"In this investigation, we have paid close attention to digital innovation, which is changing the way that people listen to music."

The original deal would have left only three major record companies, with Universal enjoying "excessive market power" over its direct customers.

Crucially, it would have "increased Universal's size in a way that would likely have enabled it to impose higher prices and more onerous licensing terms on digital music providers".

As well as the majors, Universal also agreed to sell smaller labels such as Mute with The Ramones and Chrysalis with Depeche Mode, alongside EMI's 50% stake in the Now! That's What I Call Music compilation franchise.

A single buyer

Universal also accepted restraints which will allow its competitors to "negotiate more freely with digital customers and further levels the playing field between these competitors and Universal".

Almunia told reporters that Universal would now likely have an average European market share of about 37% under the new terms.

Some two thirds of the assets sold should go to a single buyer, he said, in order to create a new competitor in a fast changing music industry.

Asked about The Beatles, who recorded on EMI's iconic Parlaphone label before setting up their own Apple operation, Almunia said their inclusion or not in the competition remedies lay only with Universal.

Universal Music Group, owned by France's Vivendi, offered to buy EMI in November from US bank Citigroup for $1.9bn who had seized the firm in February 2011 from indebted private equity owner Terra Firma.

The deal does not include EMI's music publishing unit whose sale the EU cleared in April to a group of investors led by Sony for $2.2bn.


  • vernon.samuel.7 - 2012-09-21 19:45

    Over 50 years ago two teenage boys, John Lennon and Paul McCartney, sat on the floor of a Liverpool council house trying to write some ditties together. Their hope was that they could get together with some mates and perform these ditties at a local pub. Fast-forward over 50 years and the music industry is changing to the tune of billions of dollars, on the foundation of these and other similar such ditties. People have achieved sainthood for less.

  • emille.harmse - 2012-09-25 13:44

    Depeche Mode with Mute, not Chrysalis.

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